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Version: 0.0.25

IaSQL transactions at a high level

IaSQL does not any special syntax, akin to apply in IaC, to work normally. You can just SELECT/INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE records and eventually the changes are reflected in your cloud account. This also works with migration systems without issues, though in an eventually-consistent fashion. The most basic architectural diagram is simply your IaSQL database and your cloud account with IaSQL in between.

   ______
/ \ _______ __
|\____/| | | ___/ \__
| DB | <==> | IaSQL | <==> / Cloud \
| | |_______| \_ _ /
\______/ \__/ \_/

In both directions, though, IaSQL needs to be aware of what already exists on the other side in order to make only the calls necessary to produce the desired mutation on the other side.

Traditional IaC tools like Terraform use an internal statefile for this purpose, but this is folly. If there is ever an unexpected change, such as from an outage (or the manual mitigation of an outage) this statefile will not represent the other side correctly so the mutations it attempts will be incorrect causing the change to fail.

IaSQL, on the other hand, is completely stateless. It acquires the state of both the database and the cloud when asked to perform a change in either direction and then determines the work it will do based on the true state of both.

IaSQL Transactions with iasql_begin and iasql_commit

It is possible to perform changes to your cloud account synchronously by temporarily turning off the normal two-way propagation between the cloud and database through the usage of an IaSQL transaction using the provided PostgreSQL function iasql_begin. This lets you batch, or stage, changes together and then calling iasql_commit to mark the end of the transaction and propagate the changes from the database to the cloud account akin to a traditional database transaction.

   ______
/ \ _______ __
|\____/| | | ___/ \__
| DB | ===> | IaSQL | ===> / Cloud \
| | |_______| \_ _ /
\______/ \__/ \_/

The way this works under the hood is that IaSQL has a cron job that makes sure to keep the two way synchronization between the database and the cloud that is paused while an IaSQL transaction is in progress.

iasql_preview

IaSQL lets you visualize proposed changes for an ongoing IaSQL transaction to see how the database will update the cloud with the new data model using the iasql_preview function which returns a virtual table of database records.

iasql_rollback

You can abort a transaction if you want to discard the changes done since calling iasql_begin with iasql_rollback by syncing the database with the state of the cloud again into the database. The transaction will be stopped and regular behaviour of IaSQL re-enabled in which changes are propagated both ways in an eventually consistent way without any special syntax other than SELECT/INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE records normally.

   ______
/ \ _______ __
|\____/| | | ___/ \__
| DB | <=== | IaSQL | <=== / Cloud \
| | |_______| \_ _ /
\______/ \__/ \_/